Dog-heads pose conundrum for medieval theologians
These beings appeared to be human in most respects, except that they had the heads of dogs. The question was, did they have the souls of humans?
The answer came from theologian Ratramnus – better known for controversial arguments against transubstantiation – who argued that, despite the barking and shape of their heads, their laws, farming, domestication of animals and sense of decency marked them as descendents of Adam:
I do not see how this could be, if they had an animal and not a rational soul. For no-one can blush at indecency unless they have a certain recognition of decency. A group of moral, rational beings, living in a society bound by laws — this is humanity, not animality.