BBC's 'Why Factor' talks anthro animals with Cambridge furs
Journalist Maria Margaronis interviewed furry fans at a Cambridge Furs meet last month for next week's episode of The Why Factor, a programme exploring "the extraordinary and hidden histories behind everyday objects and actions" through the voices of those involved.
In stories, cartoons, advertisements and our everyday lives, we project human thoughts and emotions onto animals—and claim their strength and style for ourselves in the brand names of cars and cosmetics. Why do we do that, and what do we get out of it? Can we ever know what animals really feel? And are we as different from other species as we like to imagine? Maria Margaronis meets the furry fandom, who put on “fursonas” and cartoonlike animal costumes to meet and socialise. Neuroscientist Bella Williams upends some assumptions about animal brains and explains how to read a mouse’s facial expression; children’s author Michael Rosen sportcasts an insect race. Farmer Helen Reeve reflects on how she feels about eating her own cows. And historian Harriet Ritvo poses a thornier question: what makes our species think we are secure in our dominance over the natural world?
The 18-minute show "Animals Are Us?", which received input from furry artists, fursuiters, fursuit-builders and other fans, is to be broadcast on the BBC World Service on Friday 24 at 18:32 and 23:32 GMT (EDT+4, BST-1), with re-broadcasts on Sunday (21:32) and Monday (04:32, 12:32).
Update (23 April): A four-minute clip featuring several furs is available (transcript below).
Update 2 (24 April): The full episode has been published. There is no additional content featuring furries, but you may find the rest interesting, as it's all about anthropomorphism.
Transcript (preview clip)
Presenter: We're in a pub in Cambridge, and there are lots of people, mostly young people, sitting around - somebody's eating a hamburger.
There's a young woman over there with what looks like the head of a polar bear on her lap - rather beautiful white polar bear… no, it's not a polar bear, it's a white wolf, with blue tongue, and pink ears, and the mouth opens and closes. And there are some big white furry paws on the table, and some brown paws… there's a squirrel at the end of the tail with red ears and a red tail, eating a toasted sandwich.
Voiceover: That's Lalia; or at least, that's her squirrel name.
Presenter: Hello! Oh, what lovely ears. Yeah, this is a fabulous squirrel tail…
Lalia: Thank you…
Presenter: It goes all the way up your back…
Voiceover: I've found the furries – a shy part-human, part-animal tribe, who get together in small groups and large conventions to play, and to express their animal fursonas. There are hundreds of thousands of them out there, but they're mostly hidden in the undergrowth of the Internet.
Presenter: …chicken! Eating a chicken sandwich - not acorns.
Lalia: *laughs* – No, oh no, chicken.
Presenter: And how is your squirrel fursona different from your everyday human identity?
Lalia: Not much, actually.
Presenter: Not much.
Lalia: I'm hyperactive, she's hyperactive – she's a little cuter than me, I should say.
Voiceover: To outsiders, they might seem a little eccentric; but what they're doing is actually very familiar - using masks as a way to grease the social wheels.
Harlequeen: I'm Harlequeen, I'm a long-time furry. *laughs* […] When we live with animals or be with animals, we have to give them human characteristics to learn about them; and we extend that even further, we fantasize - basically, if these wolves could talk, or if these deer could talk, and mummy deer is talking to Bambi, what would she say?
And these are all anthropomorphizations; it's all this idea that you can extend and understand animals… and have fun with it! It is in the end about having fun.
Voiceover: The furries are projecting human qualities onto animals. That's what that chewy word, anthropomorphism, means. They're also claiming animal characteristics for themselves. People all over the world have been doing that, since we made the first cave paintings.
Now we give animals human thoughts and feelings in stories, and nature programs; advertisements and cartoons - and we claim their qualities through the brand names of cars, and sports kits, and deodorants. This week, I'm asking, why? Where did our way of humanizing animals take on its domesticated, cozy, modern form? Harriet Ritvo, professor of history at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology:
Harriet: The development of pet-keeping, as a very common, middle-class and even more widely-distributed habit, is something that happens in the course of the 19th century; if you look at the dog-breeding periodical of the late 19th century (as well as later; but say, in the Victorian period, when it was all just getting started), you find that announcements of arrangement to mate - stud arrangements - were put under the headings of engagements and marriages.
Voiceover: Bella Williams is a neuroscientist who works for the charity Understanding Animal Research. Is there an evolutionary reason for our habit of giving other animals a human face?
Bella: I'm not sure, in terms of evolution. I guess it would come down to something around people reading feelings into each other; so it would be something around the connection with empathy, with being able to understand other people – the way other people are thinking, you look at their behaviour and you interpret what their thoughts might be.
So, the logical extension of that is that when you look at an animal, or when you look at something else which is exhibiting human-like behaviours, then you would interpret their thoughts; but you'd interpret them in a human-like way.
Presenter: You don't think there's a… perhaps a survival aspect to it, like if you're running away from the lion, you might want to have some idea of what you think the lion's going to do, and what its intentions might be?
Bella: But you might be wrong – and that's the difficulty with anthropomorphism, is that you're projecting your thoughts onto something else, without understanding theirs.